tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Mon Nov 23 12:34:02 2009
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Re: The topic marker -'e'
Christopher Doty (firstname.lastname@example.org)
> Not all verbs of action have agents. For instance:
> bom Qoy puq
> the child hears the song
> puq = experiencer
> bom = theme
> To be an agent, the noun must intentionally perform the action. This
> means that mindless forces are not agents (they are "forces").
> qoH pummoH SuS
> the wind knocks over the fool
> SuS = force
> qoH = patient
This is quite interesting, actually, since Klingon actually contrasts
intentionality with non-intentionality. Compare:
bom Qoypu' puq
the child heard the song
bom Qoyta' puq
the child heard the song (by eavesdropping? Putting one's ear up to
the wall with a cup?)
What do y'all think of Qoyta'? Can one use -ta' with verbs that would
otherwise have experiencer subjects?