tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Tue Nov 24 18:03:20 2009
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Re: The topic marker -'e'
Christopher Doty (email@example.com)
On Tue, Nov 24, 2009 at 17:52, David Trimboli <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> Klingon doesn't have a passive voice, ...
I'll probably get in trouble for this, too, but I would say that
Klingon does have a passive voice, functionally-speaking.
Functionally, we think of passives as demoting an agent (so that it
leaves the phrase entirely) and promoting a patient to subject. With
-lu' in Klingon, we see just such a thing: the one doing the action
goes away, and the patient is now the subject. Now, it's not
completely a passive, since we're still using a transitive verb prefix
(if it were a try passive, we'd expect, e.g., vI- to become jI- with
addition of -lu', instead of staying vI-), but it's certainly doing
much of the work of a passive voice.