tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Tue Nov 24 11:48:28 2009

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RE: Comparatives

Steven Boozer (sboozer@uchicago.edu)



Christopher Doty:
>> Wait, then how do you do other aspects, e.g.,
>> "We used to be more fortunate than you, but aren't anymore"??

ghunchu'wI':
>The comparative/superlative construction is very rigid. It doesn't
>carry aspect, qualification, honorifics, or basically anything else
>that would go on the verb of a regular sentence. The *only* verb
>suffix explicitly permitted is {-be'}.
>
>For your particular example, I would make it more specific and
>substitute time for aspect.
>cha' wen maH Do' law' tlhIH Do' puS. DaHjaj maH Do'be' law' tlhIH Do'be'
>puS.}
 
Except for the variations provided in my previous post, the way to modify a law'/puS formula is to preface it with an introductory clause, place- or time-stamp (as ghunchu'wI' did) which I've marked with angle brackets:


<jonlu'meH> wo'maj pop tIn law' Hoch tIn puS 
Our Empire's highest bounty has been placed on his head. (ST5 notes) 

<reH latlh qabDaq> qul tuj law' Hoch tuj puS 
The fire is always hotter on someone else's face. PK 

<qIbDaq SuvwI''e'> SoH Dun law' Hoch Dun puS 
You would be the greatest warrior in the galaxy. ST5 

<tlhutlhmeH> HIq ngeb qaq law' bIQ qaq puS 
Drinking fake ale is better than drinking water. TKW

<noH ghoblu'DI'> yay quv law' Hoch quv puS 
In war there is nothing more honorable than victory. TKW 

<tlhIngan wo' yuQmey chovlu'chugh> Qo'noS potlh law' Hoch potlh puS 
The principal planet of the Klingon Empire, Qo'noS... S27 


Also notice BTW that the things compared (the A and B elements of {A Q law' B Q puS}) can be noun phrases:

<targhlIj yab> tIn law' <no'lI' Hoch yabDu'> tIn puS 
Your targ has a bigger brain than all your ancestors put together! PK

<QamvIS Hegh> qaq law' <torvIS yIn> qaq puS 
Better to die on our feet than live on our knees. ST6/TKW

... even fairly complicated ones:

<DujvamDaq tlhIngan nuH tu'lu'bogh> pov law' Hoch pov puS 'ej <DujvamDaq 'op SuvwI' tu'lu'bogh> po' law' <tlhIngan yo' SuvwI' law'> po' puS 
It [IKV Pagh] has the best weapons and some of the finest warriors in the Klingon fleet. S7


 
-- 
Voragh                          
Canon Master of the Klingons







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