tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Mon Jun 01 17:28:12 2009

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Re: -vaD

ghunchu'wI' (

On Jun 1, 2009, at 7:25 AM, Doq wrote:

> I can't ignore Okrand's use of the word "beneficiary".

You don't need to ignore it, but perhaps you should modify your  
understanding of it as a colloquial term that must involve the  
betterment of what it applies to.

As a grammatical term, "beneficiary" merely indicates a recipient  
(usually of an object or of information).  The usual grammatical term  
for the idea is "indirect object".  In case-marking languages, it  
gets the dative case.  In English, it usually is preceded by the  
preposition "to" or "for", or can stand alone if it comes before the  
direct object.  In Klingon, it gets the Type 5 noun suffix {-vaD}.

A Klingon sentence's "beneficiary" doesn't obviously have to end up  
improved by the sentence.  {qama'vaD QIghpej lo' 'avwI') seems  
grammatically fine to me.

-- ghunchu'wI'

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