tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Wed Oct 30 15:39:02 2002

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Re: {tIq} and {run}

'ISqu' asks:

>Can {tIq} and {run} be regarded as a pair of antonyms?

Good question:  What is the opposite of {run}?

{tIq} "be long, be lengthy, be extended (of an object)" shows up in

   nISwI' HIch motlh HoS Hal qengwI' naQ tIq je lurarlu'bogh 'oH
    tlhIngan nISwI' beH'e'
   The Klingon disruptor rifle is a standard hand held disruptor, attached
    to an extended power supply stock. S14

and appears as an element in {bIQtIq} "river" (literally "long water") and 
{tajtIq} "a knife with a particularly long blade that is used almost as if 
it were a sword" (KGT 62).  It's antonym is actually given in the KGT 
glossary: {tIqHa'} "be short (in length for an object)".

A similar pair of words is {jen} "be high" and {'eS} "be low".  We know 
they're antonyms because of the rhetorical law'/puS variation in KGT (p.179):

  tlhIngan yoH jen verengan yoH 'eS
  The Klingon is braver than the Ferengi.

{run} "be short (in stature)", however, is the problem.  It shows up in the 
derived noun {runwI'} "one who is short" (KGT 152) and {runpI'} "teapot", 
which is an English joke, deriving from the nursery rhyme "I'm a little 
teapot, short {run} and stout {pI'}"!

But, "short (in stature)" is not the same as "short (in length)".  I think 
it's probably best to use *{runHa'} for "be tall (in stature)" until we are 
told otherwise.

Ca'Non Master of the Klingons

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