tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Fri Jul 12 13:06:45 2002

Back to archive top level

To this year's listing

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next]

Re: grammar questions

From: "Stephan Schneider" <[email protected]>
> what's the relevant difference of these sentences:
> Qu'vaD lI' net tu'bej.
> Qu'vaD lI' 'e' tu'lu'bej.

One is correct.  The other is not.

When the second verb of a Sentence as Object construction has no subject,
instead of /'e' X-lu'/, one uses /net X/.  This is exactly what /net/ is

Marc Okrand has violated this himself (in my opinion, unintentionally), but
I think that /net X/ is still the best grammar.

> can you say "Qumghach" in order to say "communication", or do you
> have to say "Qum"?

No.  /-ghach/ is used to nominalize a verb that is itself being modified by
a suffix.  That is, there must be at least one verb suffix between the verb
and /-ghach/ (and that suffix should be relevant -- don't stick a /-taH/ in
there just to satisfy the necessary suffix).

While /Qumghach/ is not ungrammatical, it is still wrong.  It is marked
usage.  An English translation might render it as "communicates (n), more
than one communicate" (which is not a real word).

QumtaHghach: continuous communication
Qumpu'ghach: completed communication
Qumchu'ghach: perfect communication
QumHa'ghach: miscommunication

Whether these refer to the act of communicating, or the resultant
communication (or both) isn't totally certain unless Okrand brings it up.
You can't always predict the meaning of /-ghach/.

> when "bIghHa'" is a prison, what would be the only place remaining in
> which everyone is free?

What do you mean?

Stardate 2529.1

Back to archive top level