tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Fri May 08 10:33:29 2009

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RE: Slate article by Arika Okrent

Fiat Knox (

De'vaD qatlho'.

I'm looking for a list of useful URLs to hand over to the BBC and S4C producers. They can put this lot up on their website after my interviews tomorrow.



"Oh, I love it when they /ask/ me to corrupt them ..." - Me, talking to Nai, Mar 01 2008

"You people and your quaint little categories." - Captain Jack Harkness, Torchwood

"We're grown ups now, and it's our turn to decide what that means." - Randall Munroe,

Conquer the Universe with me! See how at

We are now leaving the Kingdom of Star Trek and entering normal space.

--- On Fri, 8/5/09, Steven Boozer <> wrote:

> From: Steven Boozer <>
> Subject: RE: Slate article by Arika Okrent
> To: "''" <>
> Date: Friday, 8 May, 2009, 5:02 PM
> Tad:
> >Here's a new Slate article about the Klingon
> language, written by Arika
> >Okrent:
> > 
> Some more information:
> "There's no Klingon word for Hello: a history of
> the gruff but surprisingly sophisticated invented language
> and the people who speak it" by Arika Okrent.
> "Arika holds a Ph.D. in linguistics and a first-level
> certification in Klingon. She is the author of 'In the
> Land of Invented Languages' [2009]."
> This is a good opportunity to share my (non-comprehensive)
> bibliographies.  Please feel free to send me corrections and
> additions in any language!
> "A Brief History of Klingon" by Dr. Lawrence
> Schoen:
> Wikipedia's brief description of the Klingons is at:
> and the Klingon language:
> "The Klingon Language" by Hoovooloo (?)
> "Definition of Klingon language" (a nice
> introduction to the language)
> Alberto Lisiero and Gabriella Cordone discuss Klingon in
> their "I malati devono morire, soli i forti devono
> vivere" (Torino: Edizioni Star Trek Italian Club,
> 1991).
> Paolo Albani and Berlinghiero Buonarroti's article on
> "Klingon, lingua dei" in their book "Aga
> magèra difùra: dizionario delle lingue immaginarie"
> (Bologna: Zanichelli, 1994; pp. 213-214).
> "Klingon and Esperanto: The Odd Couple?" by Glen
> Proechel
> [A short article first published in 1994 in "Esperanto
> U.S.A."]
> "A survey of the artificial language tlhIngan Hol:
> from creation to creativity" by Teresa Lynn Wells.
> Thesis (M.A.)--Arizona State University, 1996.
>   /ftppub/Text/Misc/TERESA.TXT 
> "Is Klingon an Ohlonean language? A comparison of
> Mutsun and Klingon" by Dick Grune (April 19, 1996)
> For more information on Mutsun & Southern Ohlonean
> languages see:
> and especially Marc Okrand's "Mutsun Grammar"
> (his unpublished 1977 Ph.D. dissertation at the University
> of California/Berkeley).
> "Klingon and its users: a sociolinguistic
> profile" by Judith Hermans. Thesis (M.A.)--Language and
> Culture Studies, Tilburg University, 1999.
> Abstract:
>   Fundamental issues in nationalism theory resurface in a
> discussion of Klingon users: is national identity essential
> and quasi-genetic, or voluntary political choice?
> "Klingon is an artificial language, originally created
> for fiction. This means that is was not designed for real
> use. The strange thing is that, although it was not
> constructed for real communication, people began to use it
> for communication. This makes Klingon a very special
> artificial language. ... How could it happen that so many
> people as a way of communication picked up a language that
> was not meant to be used for communication? ... Language is
> maybe the best group marker there is. There are more
> markers, like clothing or the mark of your car or
> attributes, but language is the best because an individual
> can influence it himself."
> "Klingon as curriculum: militias, minstrel shows and
> other language games" (chap. 5 [pp. 127-154] of
> "Teaching toward the 24th century: Star Trek as social
> curriculum" by Karen Anijar. New York: Falmer Press,
> 2000.)
> "Lingüística klingon: Opacidad y Transparencia"
> (2003) by Nicolau Rodrigues
> ["This article talks about a very simple linguistic
> fact that tend to be undervalued: a language may show a
> meaning with a suffix or construction while in other
> language that meaning is understood by context. In this
> case, I regard plurality."]
> "{Hol Sup 'oH tlhIngan Hol'e' - wa'maH
> Hut tlhIngan Hol po'wI' nughQeD} (Klingon as
> Linguistic Capital: A Sociologic Study of Nineteen Advanced
> Klingonists)" by Yens Wahlgren. Thesis (B.A.)--Lunds
> Universitet, 2004.
> Abstract:
>   The Klingon language was created as a "verbal
> movie-prop" for Star Trek and was not supposed to be a
> language for human communication. But today thousands of
> persons have studied Klingon and 20-30 persons can be
> considered fluent in the language. A linguistic field of
> power, a linguistic market, has been formed. The purpose of
> this thesis is to research how the Klingon language speakers
> have experienced the development of the artificial language
> Klingon during its 20 years of existence. I will also
> examine the informants' opinion towards Star Trek
> fandom. The method used is qualitative; I have interviewed
> Dr Marc Okrand, creator of the Klingon language, and Dr
> Lawrence M. Schoen, founder of the Klingon Language
> Institute (KLI). I have also conducted an Internet interview
> with 17 advanced Klingonists. 
>   As a theoretical framework I use Bourdieu's theory on
> symbolic capital, Berger's & Luckmann's
> discussion on secondary socialization and Ferguson
> categories of Language development. For Klingon the process
> of language development is a social process. It is an
> ongoing dialectic exchange between Marc Okrand and the
> Klingonists. The KLI acts as a socializing institution and
> plays an important role for the standardization of the
> language together with Klingonists with high linguistic
> capital. Star Trek is becoming less important for the
> development of Klingon as only a minority of the Klingonists
> consider themselves as trekkers and by the modernization of
> Klingon that gives the language more vocabulary not related
> to Star Trek concepts.
> "German radio starts Klingon service" (September
> 2004 BBC article on Deutsche Welle's Klingon language
> service):
> "Klingon caribeño, ¿Quién dijo que la filología no
> puede ser divertida?" (2005) by Nicolau Rodrigues
> ["Trying to show that Klingon language may be funny
> too, here I talk about etymology, word plays, and a
> Caribbean tale (from an OVS language) whose characters use
> the verb paw'.]
> >Also of interest is Arika's upcoming book on
> constructed languages:
> > 
> More information:
> "In the land of invented languages: Esperanto rock
> stars, Klingon poets, Loglan lovers, and the mad dreamers
> who tried to build a perfect language" by Arika Okrent.
> New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2009. (ISBN 0385527888). 
> Publisher's description:
>   Just about everyone has heard of Esperanto, which was
> nothing less than one man's attempt to bring about world
> peace by means of linguistic solidarity. And every
> "Star Trek" fan knows about Klingon, which was
> nothing more than a television show's attempt to create
> a tough-sounding language befitting a warrior race with
> ridged foreheads. But few people have heard of Babm,
> Blissymbolics, and the nearly nine hundred other invented
> languages that represent the hard work, high hopes, and
> full-blown delusions of so many misguided souls over the
> centuries. 
>   In "In The Land of Invented Languages", author
> Arika Okrent tells the fascinating and highly entertaining
> history of man's enduring quest to build a better
> language. Peopled with charming eccentrics and exasperating
> megalomaniacs, the land of invented languages is a place
> where you can recite the Lord's Prayer in John
> Wilkins's Philosophical Language, say your wedding vows
> in Loglan, and read "Alice's Adventures in
> Wonderland" in Lojban.
> Tim Conley and Stephen Cain discuss "Klingonese"
> and the other languages of Star Trek in their
> "Encyclopedia of Fictional and Fantastic
> Languages" (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2006; pp.
> 169-173). There's a fairly complete bibliography
> included.
> "Esperanto, Elvish, and beyond: the world of
> constructed languages" [including Klingon] - an exhibit
> by Donald Boozer at the Cleveland Public Library (May-August
> 2008):
> See also SETI's "Are we alone?" interview
> with Don, which includes mentions and samples of Dritok,
> Esperanto, Klingon, Quenya, LCC2, ZBB and Don's
> Cleveland Library exhibit:
> - Show 8/7/07, "Speaking
> Klingon" 
> Produced by SETI Institute, broadcast on PRX including BBC
> Radio 4, NPR, etc.:
> --
> Voragh                          
> Canon Master of the Klingons


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