Puns in the Vocabulary of tlhIngan Hol

From Klingon Language Institute Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

[[Marc Okrand|Dr Okrand] made many jokes, some subtle and some less so, in his choice of words for the vocabulary of tlhIngan Hol. It's gotten so that recently whenever we see a new word, we try to figure out what the joke is.

There's probably room for disagreement here about what constitutes a legitimate "joke", what is simply onomatopoeia, and what is just a coincidence. Use your own judgment.

Try to keep to the format: word, part of speech, definition [comments]. And also keep to the [[Klingon alphabetical order].

bach
(n) shot [Sounds like "botch". When you miss a shot, it is a botched shot. Add that in KGTKlingon for the Galactic Traveler, the word bachHa' meaning "err, make a mistake (slang)" was listed as a noun, which was clearly a mistake, and being the first entry in the word list (very prominent to anyone checking for errors), almost assuredly an intentional one.]
baghneQ
(n) spoon [The original description of this term in the [startrek.klingon newsgroup] pointed out that it's the term nagh beQ flat rock, but with the initial sounds swapped for an unknown reason. Such sound-swapping is called a spoonerism, supposedly after the Reverend William Archibald Spooner.]
baq
(v) terminate, discontinue ["I'll be back," said by The Terminator]
baQa'
(invective) Insult [Sounds like the Japanese "baka" meaning fool, idiot.]]
bargh
(n) flat bottomed pot for food preparation ["Barge"]
baS
(n) metal ["Base" metal]
beb
(n) roof ["Babe Ruth", a famous baseball player]
bech
(v) suffer ["Bitch" and moan]
ben
(n) years ago [how long has it "been"?]
bertlham
(n) end (of an opera, play, story, speech) [Act V, the final act of the opera Robert le Diable features the character Bertram's rousing aria with crescendo. The main character of "QaQchugh bertlham, vaj QaQ Hoch" is named Bertram.]]
bey
(n) howl, wail ["Bay", a howling protracted barking sound]
bID
(n) half [acronym of Latin '''b__is '''i__n '''d__ie ("twice a day")]]
bIghHa'
(n) prison, jail ["Big house"]
bIm
(n) second note of nonatonic scale [Punning on the Western "do-re-mi" scale. The song defines "Re. a drop of golden sun" i.e. "ray". And so we have bIm, which sounds like "beam", a synonym of "ray"]
bIr
(v) be cold ["Brrrrr!"] [beer must be cold]
bI'rel tlharghDuj
(n) B'rel-Class Scout (a type of scout ship) [The tlhargh part of this term comes from "Clark" as in "Lewis and Clark", a rather famous pair of scouts.]
bI'reS
(n) beginning (of an opera, play, story, speech, this refers to the opening section of such a performance) [cf. Hebrew b@r?? "in the beginning," also used as the title of the Book of Genesis, and of its first chapter.]
bo
(n) feather [possibly a pun on "feather boa"]
bolwI'
(n) traitor (slang) [bol spelled backwards is lob (obey). I suppose "obey" could be considered the opposite of "betray".]
bom
(v) sing, chant [From 50's songs, like "Mr. Sandman" (which opens with people singing "bom bom bom...") or "Sh-Boom" (see http://my.execpc.com/suden/sh_boom.html)]
bo'Degh
(n) bird (general term) [the Alfred Hitchcock movie The Birds took place in Bodega Bay]
buS
(v) concentrate on, focus on, think only about [a popular brand of crane machine game is "Plush Bus". To be successful in obtaining your plush prize, you must focus on it, and nothing else; or "'''plush''' buS"]
chan
(n) area eastward, area towards the east ["Chan" is a fairly common Chinese name. China is located in the east. Also, China is a large, significant nation in the Far East, thus chan'a', which sounds a lot like "China".]
chang'eng
(n) pair ["Chang and Eng Bunker", two famous conjoined twins]
cha'bIp
(n) type of bird (speedy) [Klingon cha'=two, thus cha'bIp is "twice beep." In the cartoons, the Roadrunner always said "beep beep!"]
cha'Do'
(n) type of bird (about which little is known) [possibly a reference to the dodo bird. cha'=two, thus cha'Do' is "two dos." Since the dodo has been extinct for centuries, there's probably very little we know about it.]
cha'naS
(n) type of bird (digs up bugs to eat) [this is a real long shot, but the final syllable might be an acronym of "'''N__ational '''A__udubon '''S__ociety"]
cha'qu'
(n) type of bird with a noisy, repetitive cry [this is probably a reference to cuckoo birds. cha'=two, thus cha'qu' is "twice coo."]
che'ron
(n) battlefield [In the Star Trek episode "Let That be Your Last Battlefield", the planet where the "battle" had happened was Cheron.]
chIrgh
(n) temple (structure) [This is as close to pronouncing "church" as you can get in Klingon, since rgh is allowed, but rch is not, and the "u" in "church" is closer to I than u.]
chom
(n) bartender [as long as you keep buying drinks the bartender will be your chum.]
chuy
(v) sneeze [onomatopoeic]
Daghtuj
(n) animal parts mixed together ["Hot dog" tuj=hot]
Dargh
(n) tea ["Dark" tea, as opposed to "herbal". Perhaps Darjeeling?]
DaS
(n) boot [some of the motivation for creating the Klingon Language stems from the experience of seeing the movie [Das Boot and seeing the submarine crew in dark, cramped quarters barking a language the viewer didn't understand.]
Da'nal
(n) type of bird (unpredictable) ["Donald Duck", a somewhat wacky cartoon character.]
Da'vI'
(n) type of bird (unpredictable) ["Daffy Duck", an extremely wacky cartoon character.]
Der
(v) yaw (aircraft nose points left or right) [From the second syllable of English "rud'''der'''", the control used to yaw an airplane]
DIb
(n) privilege ["Dibs"]
DIr
(n) skin [In colonial times, the primary trade item between Native Americans and the British was deer skin.]
DIron
(n) bagpipes ["Drone"]
Dor
(v) escort ["Allow me to escort you to the door."]
DoS
(n) target [Okrand didn't like working with PCs before Windows.]
Dup
(n) strategy ["Dupe"]
Duq
(n) small bowl ["Duckpins", a game similar to '''bowl'''ing]
ghab
(n) meat from midsection of animal ["Gob"]
ghagh
(v) gargle [pronouncing ghagh would approximate the sound of gargling]
gham
(n) limb of an animal ["Gam" is 1940's slang for a woman's legs]
ghang
(v) end prematurely [A lot of the acts on The Gong Show were ended prematurely]
ghangwI'
(n) horizon [Gan is Old Chinese for "horizon"]
gha'tlhIq
(n) ode of respect [long, like a gothic novel]
gheb
(n) horn (musical instrument) [gheb rIl means "He plays a horn." Think "Gabriel"]
ghem
(n) midnight snack [Wordplay. ghem spelled backwards is megh="lunch"]
ghet
(v) pretend ["Get" a life!]]
ghevI'
(n) gagh sauce ["Gravy"]
ghIgh
(n) assignment, task (slang) [a musician's "gig" is his next job]
ghol
(n) opponent [Your opponent is your "goal"]
ghop
(n) hand [reverse wordplay with pogh/"glove." Also possibly a pun on "grope"]
ghotI'
(n) fish [An age-old joke that the word "ghoti" in English is pronounced "fish": gh like in "enou'''gh'''"; o like in "w'''o__men"; ti like in "na'''ti'''on."]
ghu
(n) baby ["Goo!"]
ghup
(v) swallow ["Gulp"]
ghuS
(v) lower (spear) to horizontal to attack ["Goose"]
HaD
(v) study [Studying is "hard".]
Haq
(n) surgery ["Hack"]
Hat
(n) temperature ["Hot"]
Hat
(v) be illegal ["Hot" also. "Hot"=stolen in American slang.]
Hem
(v) be proud ["Ahem!"]
Hew
(n) statue ["Hew", meaning "to shape"]
HIja'
(excl) yes, true [made of Japanese "yes" which is pronounced like hi + German ja]
HIq
(n) ale, wine ["Hiccup"]
HI'tuy
(n) dictatorship [If you despise the dictator, you spit when you say his name.]
HoD
(n) captain [__H'''ead '''o__f '''D__epartment]
HomwI'
(n) second toe [See marwI']
HoQ
(v) be honored falsely, be falsely honorable [possibly a pun on "hoax"]
HoS
(n) strength, energy, power ["Horse" power]
Hum
(v) be sticky [From "humid", which is also called "sticky"]
Hutvagh
(n) too many people or things in a place at once [Disclosed during a congested drive on interstate 95. Hut=9 vagh=5]
jat
(v) speak incoherently [Speaking in tongues]
jav
(n) prisoner (slang) [The title character in the TV show The Prisoner was known as "Number Six." jav in Klingon also means "six."]
jeqqIj
(n) club, bludgeon [Possibly a reference to a "blackjack", a kind of small cudgel. qIj=black]
jey'naS
(n) double-headed ax ["Janus" was the Roman god of gates and doorways, depicted with two faces looking in opposite directions]
jIl
(n) neighbor [[Marc Okrand|[[Dr Okrand] has confirmed that this is because he once had a neighbor called Jill.]
jIm
(v) heave (aircraft rising or falling without pitching) [Admiral Kirk used this maneuver in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Kirk's nickname is "Jim"]
joQ
(n) rib ["Joke" -- rib is slang for a teasing remark or action]
joy'
(v) torture [what is torture to a Terran, might be considered joy to a Klingon]
lay'
(v) promise [reverse-wordplay on "lie"]
leSpal
(n) type of stringed instrument (mid-sized)["Les Paul", guitar legend]
lev
(n) roof of mouth, palate [Backwards, this is "vel". The soft palate is also known as the velum.]
lIH
(v) begin a song [In music, a "lick" is a phrase improvised by a soloist, especially on the guitar or banjo.]
lIr
(n) type of bird (nocturnal) [Edward Lear wrote The Owl and the Pussy Cat]
lIw
(n) substitute, stand-in, temporary surrogate [en lieu - a French phrase often borrowed in English to mean "in place of"]
lol
(v) be in an attitude (aircraft); be in a stance, be in a pose (people animals or martial arts) [lol about]
luH
(v) cause (someone) to confess or reveal a secret (slang) [spill your guts -- luH also means "intestine".]
mach
(v) be small [See tIn]
maHpIn
(n) large bowl ["Ten pin" '''bowl'''ing. maH is the Klingon number-forming element for tens.]
marwI'
(n) big toe [The toes follow the old children's rhyme "This Little Piggie." Thus, the big toe (the first little piggie) went to '''mar'''ket (marwI'), the next little piggie stayed '''home''' (HomwI'). The next little piggie had '''roast''' beef (roSwI'), and the next little piggie had '''none''' (nanwI'). And the last little piggie '''cried''' "wee wee wee" all the way home (Qay'wI').]
may'ron
(n) accordion ["Myron Floren", accordion legend on The Lawrence Welk Show]
megh'an
(n) end (of stick, rope, etc.), other end from 'er'In [Okrand confirmed that this is because he knows two twins--his nieces--named Megan and Erin.]
me'
(n) aunt, mother's sister ["Auntie Em" from The Wizard of Oz, spelled backward. cf. 'IrneH]
mIl
(v) be formerly honored [this is without a doubt a reference to Richard '''Mil'''house Nixon]
mIl'oD
(n) sabre bear ["smilodon"]
mIQ
(v) fry, deep-fry ["McDonald's"]
mIy
(v) brag ["Me"]
mob
(v) be alone [reverse-wordplay on "mob", as in "a large crowd of people]
moD
(v) hurry [There is a musical group called "Depeche Mode." Depeche means "hurry" in French. Marc Okrand said he did not remember if he had done this deliberately, but that it was possible.]
mol
(v) bury ["Mole"]
mol
(n) grave [mol spelled backwards is lom ("corpse")]
mon
(v) smile ["Mona Lisa" mon'a' ("Is she smiling?")]
muD
(n) atmosphere, weather ["Mood"] [reverse-wordplay, "mud" is on the ground, opposite of the atmosphere, and where weather occurs]
mul
(v) be stubborn [Stubborn as a "mule"]
mun
(v) intervene [People who had joined the cult known as the Moonies were often abducted by friends and family and deprogrammed in a process known as an intervention.]
nalqaD
(n) mate challange [sounds like "naked"; which one would be at the end of a nalqaD]
namtun
(n) familiar beginning of a song ["Name that tune"]
nanwI'
(n) fourth toe [See marwI']
natlIS
(n) end of a list [the item which is "last" but "not least"]
na'
(v) be salty [from '''Na''', the symbol for the element sodium]
na'ran
(n) a type of sweet fruit [from Spanish naranja, meaning "orange" (the fruit)]
neb
(n) beak, bill ["Neb" is an old English word for "nose"]
neSlo'
(n) small mirror [Spelled backwards, this is perhaps a reference to Moroni Olsen, the voice of the Magic Mirror in Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.]
noS
(v) nibble, eat in small mouthfuls [Yiddish. "Nosh", to eat between meals, especially to nibble at tidbits.]
notqa'
(n) type of bird (large and black) [Quoth the raven, "Nevermore." Klingon not/"never" + -qa' suffix indicating repeat or resumption]
nughI'
(v) twist knuckle into someone's head ["Noogie"]
paq
(n) book [Like the first syllable of Pocket Books, the publisher of The Klingon Language.]
parbIng
(n) mid-sized bird with particularly garish coloring [par + (bIng=under). What kind of clothing do golfers wear? And what is the golf term for getting one under par?]
paw'
(v) collide ["Pow!"]
pa' reD
(n) interior face of exterior wall [from Spanish pared, meaning "wall"]
peng
(n) torpedo [sonar sound "ping" always associated with WWII submarine movies and their torpedoes]
pep
(v) raise [pep rallies raise your team spirit]
pe'vIl
(adv) forcefully, by force [Mark Okrand confirmed that this is because he knew a pair of identical twins named Pat and Phil. There is no real connection between the twins and the word "forcefully", Okrand just wanted to use their names in something.]
pIrmuS
(n) bottom (of an object) [In the Shakespeare play A Midsummer Night's Dream, in the play-within-a-play, the part of Pyramus is played by a character named Nick Bottom.]
pIw
(n) odor [pee-yew!]
pogh
(n) glove [pogh is ghop (hand) spelled backwards]
puch
(n) toilet ["pooch" is another word for 'dog'. And dogs are famous for drinking out of toilets]
puq
(n) child [small ones like to puke, or when playing with an infant, people tickle them saying, "pookie, pookie, pookie", a word not otherwise used in the language.]
puQ
(v) be fed up [puke]-
pur
(v) breathe in, inhale [cf. "purr"]
qab
(n) face [another Spanish pun, from cabeza, meaning "head"]
qagh
(n) serpent worm (as food) [there is a very similar Welsh word for excrement.]]
qanraD
(n) type of bird (songbird) ["Conrad Birdie", the title character in the musical Bye Bye Birdie, is a rock-'n'-roll singer (modeled after Elvis Presley).]
qanwI'
(n) pinky finger [See SenwI']
qaryoq'a'
(n) type of bird (capable of mimicking speech) ["Karaoke"]
qat
(v) accompany (singing) with instrumental music [qat is also a verb meaning "wrap". Could this possibly be a reference to "Rap" music?, or perhaps to Cat Stevens?]
qaywI'
(n) second (middle) finger [See SenwI'] [also, qay' is a verb meaning: be a problem, be a hassle. If someone is a qay'wI', give them the qaywI']
qa'rI'
(n) end (of corridor, tunnel, conduit, etc.) [Okrand confirmed that this is named after Kari, the mother of his twin nieces Megan (megh'an) and Erin ('er'In).]
qa'rol
(n) type of bird (very large) [In Sesame Street, the character of Big Bird is played by Caroll Spinney.]
qegh
(n) barrel, vat (for storage of liquor) ["Keg"]
qettlhup
(n) type of sauce ["Ketchup"]
qewwI'
(n) ring finger [See SenwI']
qID
(n) joke ["Kid"]
qIl
(v) cancel ["Kill"]
qogh
(n) ear (external; cartilaginous flap) [The painter Vincent Van Gogh cut off his ear.]
qolqoS
(n) core, essense, heart [John Colicos portrayed Kor in several Star Trek episodes]
qompogh
(n) fermented, lumpy paste of mashed fruit and/or animal matter ["Compost"]
qop
(v) arrest ["Cop" as in "it's a fair cop."]
qul
(n) fire [reverse-wordplay on "cool"]
qung
(n) hole (in a musical instrument) [kong is Chinese for "hole"]
qup
(n) elder [qup is puq (child) spelled backwards]
qur
(v) be greedy ["Cur" is an insult meaning "mongrel dog", and Ferengi are greedy]]
quy'Ip
(n) vomit [when spelled backwards, this sounds like "puke"]
QaD
(v) be safe, be protected (slang) [Klingons hate to be wet.]
Qaq
(v) behave falsely honorably ["What a crock!"]
Qay'wI'
(n) little toe [See marwI']
QeD
(n) science [acronym of Latin '''q__uod '''e__rat '''d__emonstrandum]
QIS
(n) wavy-bladed knife ["Kris" - a Malayan dagger with a wavy double-edged blade]
QoghIj
(n) brain [from Latin cogito, meaning "think"]
raS
(n) table [An artist conditions a canvas by painting the whole surface white before painting the subject. This blank canvas is called a tabula rasa (sounds like "tah-boola rahssa")]
rech
(v) exhale ["Retch", to try to vomit]
rewbe'
(n) citizen [rube, a derogatory word that hustlers use for an easy target of a con game]
rIl
(v) play a horn [See gheb]
rItlh
(n) pigment, paint, dye ["RITZ" is a popular brand of fabric dye]
ron
(v) roll (aircraft wings tilt, one up, one down) [From the last syllable in English "aile'''ron'''", the control used to roll an airplane]
roSwI'
(n) third toe [See marwI']
run
(v) be short (in stature) [a runt]
runpI'
(n) teapot [[runpI' mach jIH|[run=short, pI'=fat, so runpI' means "short and fat" or "short and stout" (remind you of any [children's' songs]?)]
ruq
(v) belch [Latin eructare, cf. English "eructation"]
Sab
(v) decline, deteriorate [Perhaps Okrand drives an old Saab?]
Sap
(v) volunteer [If you volunteer for a dangerous mission, some might consider you a "sap"]
Sa'Hut
(n) buttocks [Pronounced backwards it matches a silly English slang term for a person's posterior] [again, read it backwards; tuH'aS, or tuchas - Yiddish for butt (also spelled tuchus).]
SenwI'
(n) thumb (adult's thumb) [In the state of New York, there is a set of lakes called the Finger Lakes. The big one is called '''Sen'''eca (SenwI'). Among the next largest are '''Sk'''aneateles (SIqwI'), '''Cay'''uga (qaywI'), '''Keu'''qa (qewwI'), and '''Can'''adaigua (qanwI').]
Serrum
(n) earwax [The medical term for earwax is "cerumen"]
SID
(n) patient [Systemic Immune Deficiency]
SIla'
(n) large mirror [SIla' pronounced backwards sounds like "Alice" (you figure out the rest!)]
SIqwI'
(n) index finger [See SenwI']
SoD
(n)&(v) flood ["Sodden", completely soaked]
SoS
(n) mother ["SOS" is a morse code distress call for help, and who do you call for when you're in distress and need help?-Mother]
SoSbor
(n) computer core ["Motherboard" SoS=mother]
Sub
(n) hero [A submarine sandwich is also called a "hero," due to a misspelling and mistaken singularization of the Greek "gyros." Bizarrely the major distributor of supplies to gyros vendors worldwide is called [Kronos].]
Sup
(v) jump [Superman is able to leap tall buildings with a single bound.]
Supghew
(n) type of stringed instrument (small) [A ukulele is named for the flea-like jumping movement of the player's fingers. The Hawaiian word for flea is "'uku lele", or "jumping bug". Sup=jump, ghew=bug]
Sut
(n) clothing ["Suit"]
Su'lop
(n) type of food ["Slop"]
tangqa'
(n) bull-like animal [probably a reference to the Dakota Indian term "tatonka" meaning "buffalo". There is also a common type of Buddhist painted tapestry called "tangka" or "thangka", which often portrays a rendition of the bull-headed deity Yama.]
tap
(v) mash (fruit, vegetable) [reverse wordplay on "tap"]
tar
(n) poison [tar is considered the poisonous part of a cigarette, and is generally bad for you as a hydrocarbon]
tay'
(v) be together ["Tie"]
tennuS
(n) uncle, father's brother ["Uncle Tonoose", a character from the Danny Thomas TV show Make Room for Daddy]
tIn
(v) be big [One proposed etymology for this word is based on a Laurel and Hardy movie called "Be Big." The performer's first name "Stan" doesn't fit into Klingon phonology, but stan is the Latin prefix used for chemical compounds made with ... tin. However, when Marc Okrand was asked about this at a qep'a' (I believe [qep'a' javDIch] - Tad), he said that this was just a coincidence. He explained that in English, words expressing smallness tend to have "i" and "n" sounds (e.g., "tiny", "mini", "itty bitty") and words for largeness have "m" and "o" sounds (e.g., "enormous", "humongous"). So he switched these sounds, so that tIn is "be big" and mach is "be small", to make Klingon sound more alien.]
tIng
(n) southwestward, area to the southwest [possibly a pun on the Jamaican pronunciation of "thing". Jamaica is located south of Cuba and west of Haiti.]
tIq
(n) heart ["Ticker"]
tIS
(v) be light (weight) [tissue]
tor
(v) pitch (aircraft tilts nose up or down) [From the last syllable in English "eleva'''tor'''", the control used to pitch an airplane]
tuS
(v) cough [Latin tussire]
tuy'
(v) spit [onomatopoeic, cf. HI'tuy]
tlhagh
(n) fat, animal fat ["Clog" your arteries]
tlhaq
(n) chronometer ["Clock"]
tlhaS
(v) fight, battle (relatively minor fight) ["Clash"]
tlhaw'
(v) hit (percussion instrument) with fist ["Clout", to hit, especially with the fist]
tlhepQe'
(n) saliva [ spelled backwards, this resembles "expectorate" -- to eject or discharge matter from the throat or lungs by coughing or hawking and spitting.]
tlher
(v) be lumpy ["Clarence" was Lumpy's given name on Leave It to Beaver]
tlhIq
(n) stew [thick]
tlhombuS
(n) type of food (made from animal fat) ["Thrombus", a fibrinous clot formed in a blood vessel or in a chamber of the heart]
tlhoS
(adv) almost, nearly, not quite ["Close"]
tlhoy
(adv) overly, to an excessive degree, too much ["Cloy"]
-vam
(n suffix) that [See -vetlh]
vem'eq
(n) type of bird (eats [[qagh]) [As we say, "The early bird catches the worm," and indeed this bird eats worms (qagh). And vem="wake up" and 'eq="early".]
veragh
(n) rivet [What is the sound a frog makes? veragh is as close as you can get to saying "frog" in Klingon]
-vetlh
(n suffix) this [In many languages, the "i" vowel sound is used to indicate nearness (e.g., "this") and "a" or "u" vowel sounds are used for distance (e.g., "that"). Since Klingon -vam and -vetlh are the opposite of this, Okrand may have intended this as a linguistic pun to indicate the alienness of Klingon. Cf. tIn]
vIghro'
(n) type of animal (like a cat) [possibly a reference to "Figaro", Pinocchio's cat]
vIlInHoD
(n) type of bird (capable of mimicking speech) [In the story Treasure Island, Long John Silver had a talking pet parrot named "Cap'n Flint". HoD=captain]
vIn
(n) cousin, member of a group of tey' and lor. [Cousin Vinny]
vIychorgh
(n) juice, sap ["V-8" is a brand of vegetable juice drink. chorgh=8.]
von
(v) trap, entrap [When the word is read followed by its translation (cf. DaS//boot), perhaps a pun on the "Von Trap" family of Sound of Music fame.]
waq
(n) shoe ["Walk"]
waqboch
(n) type of bird (long beak) [waq shoe, boch be shiny. '''Kiwi''' is both a brand of shoe polish, and a species of flightless bird having a very long beak.]
waQ
(n) months from now ["Wax" and "wane" can be used to describe the changing of the phase of the moon. The moon is roughly on a monthly cycle. Wax -> increase (the time line) = waQ - months from now. Wane -> decrease (the time line) = wen - months ago.]
warjun
(n) type of knife (used for food preparation) [The knife is described as having a large rectangular blade: in other words, a cleaver. In the famous old TV series Leave it to Beaver, the Beaver's last name was Cleaver, and his parents (Mr. and Mrs. Cleaver) were Ward and June.]
wejpuH
(excl) Charming (used only ironically) [Third time's a charm, net Sov.]
wen
(n) months ago [See waQ]
weq
(v) hit (percussion instrument) with palm ["Whack"]
weQ
(n) candle [wax]
wuD
(v) snore [When you snore people say you are sawing "wood"]
wup
(v) burst into song ["Whoop"]
ya
(n) tactical officer [German "yes"]
yatqap]:(n) type of bird (gray or white, flies long distances) [A famous yacht was named the "Swallow"]
yay:(n) victory, triumph ["Yay!"]
yergho
(n) the wall around a city [the walls of Jericho; which in Hebrew would be pronounced more like yeriHO]
yIH
(n) tribble ["Yick!" (this is what a Klingon would probably say if they saw a tribble)]
yor
(n) top ["You're the Top", a song by Cole Porter]
yu
(n) first (and last) note of nonatonic scale [Punning on the Western "do-re-mi" scale. The song says "Do, a deer, a female deer." And so we have yu, which sounds like English "ewe" (a female sheep)]
yuvtlhe'
(n) lid, cap [yuv="push," tlhe'="turn"; "Push down while turning" being the instructions on many child-resistant medicine bottle caps.]
'ampaS
(n) academy [__AMPAS''' is the acronym of the [Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.]
'aqnaw
(n) type of knife (general purpose, cuts anything) [Think of late-night commercials selling new and exciting kinds of all-purpose knives and exhorting you: "Act now!"]
'aqroS
(n) maximum, bottom surface of a table, ceiling [In Greek, "akros" means "topmost, extreme"]
'argh
(v) worsen [The English exclamation "Argh!"]
'atlhqam
(n) type of fungus ["Athlete's foot" qam=foot]
'awje'
(n) root beer [In Klingon, je after the nouns means "and", and so 'awje can be read a w je or '''a and w'''. A&W is a famous brand of root beer]
'aw'
(v) sting [The English exclamation "Ow!"]
'eDjen
(n) an arrogant or haughty person [In English, someone who is arrogant is said to be on a "high horse". jen is the Klingon verb "be high", and "Ed" is the name of a talking horse on the television program Mr. Ed.]
'egh
(n) third note of nonatonic scale [Punning on the Western "do-re-mi" scale. As the song says, "Mi... a name I call myself," and 'egh is homophonous with the suffix [-'egh] indicating reflexivity ("self").]
'elpI'
(n) serving platter [An "LP" refers to a long-playing phonograph record, back when music was recorded on vinyl. An LP is thus a largish disk of plastic, known colloquially as a "platter".]
'em
(v) vomit [Greek eme? cf. English "emesis"]
'er'In
(n) end (of stick, rope, etc.), other end from megh'an [See megh'an]
'ev
(n) northwestward, area to the northwest ["Eve Kendall", a character in the Alfred Hitchcock movie North by Northwest]
'ey
(v) be good, be delicious, be tasty, be harmonious [This is the sound you make when you enjoy something tasty or harmonious]
'e'mam
(n) aunt, father's sister [spelled backwards, this is almost certainly a reference to "Auntie Mame", the main character in a movie of the same name]
'IH
(v) be beautiful, handsome [Reverse wordplay on "ick"]
'Iq
(v) be too many, be too much [ick]
'IqnaH
(n) mucus [when spelled backwards, this sounds like "hankie", a piece of cloth used to wipe away mucus from the mouth and nose]
'IrneH
(n) uncle, mother's brother ["Uncle Henry" from The Wizard of Oz, spelled backward. cf. me']
'Iw
(n) blood [eeew!]
'obe'
(n) order; group officially recognized by government [Abbreviation of "'''O__rder of the '''B__ritish '''E__mpire"]
'oj
(v) be thirsty [One might be thirsty for "OJ", a common abbreviation for "orange juice"]
'om
(v) resist, fend off [Unit for measuring resistance in an electrical circuit is "ohm"]
'oQqar
(n) root, tuber [the musical instrument known as the "ocarina" is sometimes called a "sweet potato"]
'orwI'
(n) pilot, one who operates (an aircraft) [Orville Wright was the first pilot of a powered, heavier than air craft]
'oy'
(n) pain [Yiddish exclamation indicating pain or frustration, e.g. "oy gevalt"]
'o'megh
(n) end (of a song) [possibly a pun on "omega", the last letter of the Greek alphabet]
'ugh
(v) be heavy [Any typical cartoon character trying to lift something heavy will have a text balloon over him saying, "Ugh" to convince you of the effort he is expending and not doing well]
'uH
(v) have a hangover, be hung over [What is the sound a hung over person makes when they try to sit up and their head pounds?]
'ul
(n) electricity [Underwriter's Laboratory -- most electric appliances have UL stickers.]
'up
(v) be unsavory, disgusting, repugnant, loathsome, icky [This is how I find 7up; maybe Okrand feels the same way]
'uSgheb
(n) type of bird (likened to a rooster) ["Leghorn", a small egg-laying fowl. Many people will be familiar with the cartoon character "Foghorn Leghorn", who is definitely a rooster. 'uS=leg, gheb=horn]