Klingon Grammar

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This is a guide to Klingon grammar, broken down into the same sections the TKDThe Klingon Dictionary uses.

1. The Sounds of Klingon
1.1. Consonants
1.2. Vowels
1.3. Stress
2. Grammatical Sketch --- Introduction
3. Nouns
3.1. Simple nouns
3.2. Complex nouns
3.2.1. Compound nouns
3.2.2. Verb plus -wI'
3.2.3. Other complex nouns
3.3. Suffixes
3.3.1. Type 1: Augmentative/diminutive
3.3.2. Type 2: Number
3.3.3. Type 3: Qualification
3.3.4. Type 4: Possession/specification
3.3.5. Type 5: Syntactic markers
3.3.6. Relative ordering of the suffixes
3.4. The noun-noun construction
4. Verbs
4.1. Pronominal prefixes
4.1.1. Basic prefixes
4.1.2. Imperative prefixes
4.1.3. Notational conventions
4.2. Verb suffixes
4.2.1. Type 1: Oneself/one another
4.2.2. Type 2: Volition/predisposition
4.2.3. Type 3: Change
4.2.4. Type 4: Cause
4.2.5. Type 5: Indefinite subject/ability
4.2.6. Type 6: Qualification
4.2.7. Type 7: Aspect
4.2.8. Type 8: Honorific
4.2.9. Type 9: Syntactic markers
4.2.10. Relative ordering of the suffixes
4.3. Rovers
4.4. Adjectives
5. Other Kinds of Words
5.1. Pronouns
5.2. Numbers
5.3. Conjunctions
5.4. Adverbials
5.5. Exclamations
5.6. Names and address
6. Syntax
6.1. Basic sentences
6.2. Complex sentences
6.2.1. Compound sentences
6.2.2. Subordinate clauses
6.2.3. Relative clauses
6.2.4. Purpose clauses
6.2.5. Sentences as objects
6.3. "To be"
6.4. Questions
6.5. Commands
6.6. Comparatives and superlatives
6.7. Placement of adverbial elements
6.8. Indirect objects
7. Clipped Klingon
7.1. Commands
7.2. Responses to commands, status reports
7.3. Duress, excitement