tlhIngan-Hol Archive: Thu Jun 25 17:08:06 2009

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Re: Klingon IPA chart

ghunchu'wI' (

On Jun 25, 2009, at 5:55 PM, Michael Everson wrote:


"...[É] is a slang variant of [u]."  I think you might be referring  
to the {qUlegh} example from KGT page 139.  The vowel being relaxed  
is {a}, not {u}.  And it's not a "slang" variant, it's a lazy and  
incorrect one. :)

If you wish to represent childish speech, you should include the  
voiced variant of {j}, the more "k"-ish version of {q}, and the  
"nyet"-like pronunciation of syllable-initial {ng}, all described on  
KGT page 32.

"In Morskan dialect, [Él] is an initial and medial, and [ts] a final,  
variant of [tÉ]." What do you mean by "medial"?  KGT page 22 says  
that the variation depends on whether the sound is at the beginning  
or end of a syllable, not of a word.  The only thing in the middle of  
a Klingon syllable is a vowel.

You've ignored the untrilled "r" in the consonant cluster {rgh} at  
the end of some syllables.  I mention it because your chart notes  
seem to be striving for completeness of description.

I thought "h" was a fricative, not an affricate.

I'm only going to say this once:  Klingon does not have diphthongs as  
distinct phonemes.

-- ghunchu'wI'

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