The following grammar information was released at qep’a’ 26

**Grammar Points and Clarifications**

**Between**

There are two ways to say “between”, depending on meaning.

(1) “between A and B” means “at some (perhaps unknown)
point between A and B”. In this case, A and B are the extremes of a range.
The construction makes use of **rav**
“minimum” and **‘aqroS**
“maximum”: **rav A ‘aqroS B**… For example, **rav cha’ ‘uj**(**mey**)** ‘aqroS loS ‘uj**(**mey**)** ‘ab** “has a
length between two and four ujes” (it’s at least two ujes long and no more
than four).

(2) “between A and B” means the full stretch of time (or
distance or whatever), from one end of the span to the other. In this case, the
noun **qubbID** is used: **DaSjaj buqjaj **(**je**)** qubbID maleng**
“we travel Monday to Friday” or “we travel between Monday and
Friday”. Compare: **DaSjaj buqjaj **(**je**)**
qubbID maghom** “we meet between Monday and Friday, we meet Moday to
Friday” and **rav DaSjaj ‘aqroS
buqjaj maghom** “we meet between Moday and Friday, we meet at some point
between Monday and Friday”.

**Numbers**

**Fractions**

**wej loch cha’** “2/3”; **vagh loch wej** “3/5”; **loS loch jav** “6/4”. In
theory, if appropriate in a mathematical discussion, one could say **wa’ loch wej** “three one–ths”.
(Though perhaps a little grammatically aberrant, this would not be **wa’ luloch wej**.))

**Negative**

Use **Dop** to create negative
numbers.** wej Dop** “minus three”
or “negative three”. Compare this to **‘u’ Dop** “mirror universe”.

**Random**

For random numbers, as when throwing dice, use the verb **‘al** “float” instead of **Haw**. **mI’ al’** “(a) random number”; **‘al mI’** “the number is random”. There is also a slang expression **Du’Hom mI’** “random number”
(literally “garden number”).)

**Superimpose**

“Superimpose A and B” is **A B je tIrmoHchu’**. One way to say “superimpose A on(to) B” is **B–Daq A lanchu’**.

**“many times” or “time and time again”**

Use **pIj** “often”. One
way to express this if being emphatic is periphrastically: **V ‘ej V-qa’** (**‘ej V-qa’…**)
(where V is the repeated action): **qagh
vISoppu’ ‘ej vISopqa’pu’ ‘ej vISopqa’pu’** “I’ve eaten gagh many
times.”

**“Order” or “Turn”**

Use the words **baQ** (“toss
bat’leth from one hand to the other”) and **jop** (“lunge”). **mabaQ**
“we take turns”; **jIjop**
“it’s my turn”; **yIjop**
“take your turn!”; **bIjopnIS**
“you need to take your turn”.

**Reference temperatures for the SImyon scale**

0 SImyon = -210°C Freezing Point of Nitrogen

96 SImyon = -100°C

100 SImyon = -95°C

183 SImyon = 0°C Freezing point of water

200 SImyon = 19°C

215 SImyon = 37° Body temperature (human/Klingon)

270 SImyon = 100°C Boiling point of water – Earth sea level

273 SImyon = 103°C Boiling point of water – Qo’noS observatory

300 SImyon = 134°C

500 SImyon = 363°C

1000 SImyon = 937°C Temperature of molten lava

Online converter: hol.kag.org/page/SImyon.html