New and updated words and clarifications

This page contains a list of newly translated words provided by Dr. Okrand and Maltz. It also contains some clarifications for words and grammar. 

Please refer any errors, issues, or questions to qurgh on Discord. 


Requested Term Explanation Original Request
burden For this meaning of “burden” (a heavy load that is carried but is considered useless), one can probably make use of ‘ugh, qeng, and/or tu’HomI’raH. Those words would normally not be appropriate if “burden” means something like “onus.” Request
turn Make use of baQ and jop. For example: jopDI’ ’ovwI’ veb, ’echletHom tlhapWhen the next player takes his/her turn, he/she takes a card”; ngop yISay’moH! yIjop!Clean the plates! It’s your turn! Request
fantasy Make use of rorghbe fantasy Request
faucet use bIQ SeHjan or the like

Regarding {bIQ SeH jan}, a suggested way to refer to a “faucet” —

Maltz says this is really two words: {bIQ SeHjan} (“water control-device” or “water controlling-device”).</> The question, based on the three-word version, was whether the suffix {-meH}, following {SeH}, was missing or deleted or could be added. And a followup question was, if so, could other similar phrases be formed by simply dropping -{meH}.

Speaking historically or etymologically, a formation such as {bIQ SeHjan} was no doubt formed by reducing the phrase {bIQ SeHmeH jan} (“device for controlling water”) by dropping the{-meH}. And, still speaking historically or etymologically, this could happen again for other words. It is not, however, a productive process — that is, you can’t, on the fly, just drop the -meH. In everyday conversation, people may do this anyway, and some other constructions may well have come about this way (or may come about this way in the future), but, except for the set, accepted expressions (which, of course, may increase in number as time goes along and speakers accept newer formations), dropping the {-meH} is considered odd.

So does the existence of {SeHjan} imply that there’s a noun {SeH} (meaning “control” or “controller”) that exists alongside the verb {SeH} (meaning “control”)? There may be such a noun, but, if so, Maltz says he’s never heard it used. He said the {SeH} in {SeHjan} and {SeHlaw} (“control panel”) and {‘eDSeHcha} (“take-off/landing thrusters”) and elsewhere is clearly related to the verb {SeH}, but using {SeH} (a noun) as an independent word felt weird to him. But he’s changed his mind before…

Having said all of that, referring to a faucet as {bIQ SeHmeH jan} is fine. And the original three-word phrase that led to the confusion, {bIQ SeH jan}, is a well-constructed sentence meaning “the device controls the water.”

fish, be fishing use wam or jon Request

New Word List

Language Users and Body Part are both types of Noun. They are listed separately for the purposes of identifying the correct plural suffixes. 

tlhIngan HolTypeEnglishDescription/NotesOriginal Request
(wa’)maHSaghan or (wa’)netlh’uy’Number10 billionAny 1-9 digit, of course, can appear in the wa’ slotRequest
(wa’)maH’uy’ or (wa’)vatlhbIpNumber10 millionAny 1-9 digit, of course, can appear in the wa’ slotRequest
(wa’)vatlhSaghan or (wa’)bIp’uy’Number100 billionAny 1-9 digit, of course, can appear in the wa’ slotRequest
(wa’)vatlh’uy’ or (wa’)SaDbIp or (wa’)SanIDbIpNumber100 millionAny 1-9 digit, of course, can appear in the wa’ slotRequest
(wa’)SaDSaghan or (wa’)SanIDSaghanNumbertrillionAny 1-9 digit, of course, can appear in the wa’ slotRequest
baSta’Nounvector mathematicsRequest
bettI’Nounaluminum Request
bo’DIj qaDNounlawsuit Request
bom; puq rurVerbsing falsetto Request
boqyInNounsymbiontCould take -pu’ or -mey.Request
bujVerbbe neither warm nor cool (temperature) Request
bumVerbabsorbe.g. absorb liquid, not absorb informationRequest
butnatNounplutonium Request
cha”etlh DaSwI’NountweezerThis is considered singular (that is, several pairs of tweezers are cha”etlh DaSwI’mey). The word was formed by analogy to cha”etlh pe’wI’ “scissors,” with DaS “pinch” replacing pe’ “cut.”Request
changVerbbe gelatinous Request
chayqa’Body Partesophagus Request
chemVerbprank Request
chertISNounmint, menthoid plant Request
chItlhVerbbe symmetrical Request
choghvatNounporchSometimes qach choghvat, sometimes choghvat pa’. This word (which is really the word for “gangplank“) is used for this part of a structure even if there are no stairs or ramps involved.Request
chorghVerbbe glossy Request
chulVerbbe wiseRefers to demonstrating good judgment based on experience, not just intelligance or book-learning.Request
Da’larNoundollar Request
DannI’NounheadphonesThis device covers both ears and includes a band across head. The thing Uhura wears is teS HablI’.Request
DaqturaqLanguage Userd’akturakIt is not clear whether this is a native Klingon word or a borrowed Trill or Kriosian word or phrase meaning “ice man,” but, in any case, this is the Klingon pronunciationRequest
DItroy’NounDetroit Request
DutVerbstress, emphasizeliterally “slam down”Request
ghan’achNounseizure (medicine) Request
ghIchDepNounfair, funfair, carnival, circus Request
gho langNounoval Request
gho SubmaHNumberpiSometimes shortened to ghomaH. Note also bav “circumference.” For “diameter,” make use of juch “have a width of”Request
gholeqNounflake Request
gho”ongNounmagic trick Request
gho”ong Ho’DoSNounmagic (trick) technique  
HajvavAnimalweasel-like animalThis is an animal found on Qo’noS that’s sort of weasel-likeRequest
HalVerbbe porous Request
Hampong DIrBody PartscabFor the plural, use –mey, even if the scab is still attachedRequest
HampunVerbyodelThis is a two-syllable verb, and it’s slangRequest
HarqInNoundisorder, disability, syndrome, condition Request
HojnIyLanguage Userteen, teenager, adolescent, youth, young adultA slang term is yaDRequest
HomHap tunBody Partcartilage Request
HoSNounamplitudeLiterally “strength”Request
HoS vovengBody Partthyroid Request
HotnaghNounbasalt Request
jatlh; ghughughwI’ rurVerbspeak with vocal frySometimes ghughugh alone sufficesRequest
jerghVerbspasmto cause something to spasm is jerghmoHRequest
je’tonNouncounter / workbench Request
jInay’NounJ’naii Request
jIrmoH Verbcrankliterally “cause to rotate”Request
joSraDNouncrater Request
lechVerbblackmail Request
lervaDNounauction Request
letbIngNounmercury Request
lI’lIyNounlilyThis is just borrowed in from Federation Standard; no native Klingon equivalentRequest
lIvrI’Noungranite Request
lIw mu’Nounpronounapplies to full words only, not prefixesRequest
luqlevNouncurfew Request
maHnaDNounprotein Request
may’ rImbeyBody Partadrenaline, epinephrine Request
mayqarNounbraid, knotwork Request
maySonNounsuperconductivityFor “be superconductive,” say maySon chIw “express superconductivity” or the likeRequest
mISjenneghNounmarble (material) Request
moHbeyNountrapeziumAmerican — not British — sense of “trapezium” 
monQIvNounalgae Request
mutwa’NounprotozoanThe name, literally “Species #1,” turned out to be not scientifically accurate, but it stuckRequest
namchIlNounchlorophyll Request
narVerbreflectThis is the mirror-image / reverse-image sense of “reflect”; compare ‘et.Request
neSVerbbe crunchy, be crispyReferring to texture, not soundRequest
ngam’eQNoungluten Request
ngawVerberodeThis is not what rust does; this is what water, wind, and so on do.Request
ngInVerbturbulent Request
ngochjuHNounquark (particle) Request
ngonDerNounnostalgiaOften the object of SIQRequest
nguyVerbscoffAlso Sen (slang)Request
nIm qulcher taDNounice creamIce cream is really a Terran thing; no native Klingon equivalent.Request
nISVerbinterfere (with)for “cast/throw/make (a shadow)” QIb “shadow” would be the subject. The object, if specified, would be the surface onto which the shadow is cast.Request
nIve’Da’NounNevada Request
panVerbsolveAlso SIHHa’moH (slang)Request
parchechNoungypsum Request
parmaq qepNoundate Request
penSIlvenya’NounPennsylvania Request
perletlhNounstumpThis applies to trees, etc., not to body partsRequest
pIchSIvNounvinegar Request
pIqcho’NounathleteAn athletic competition is pIqcho’ qaD or pIqcho’ Quj.Request
pIrVerbbe fertile Refers to both land and creatures.Request
popSopNounsodium Request
puH taDNountundra Request
qarpalNountrapezoidAmerican — not British — sense of “trapezoid”Request
qaytu’Language Userparent (gender-neutral term) Request
qelVerbnodThis means lower the head slightly whether or not the head is again raised. So, among other things, it can refer to nodding to the beat of music or nodding off (falling asleep). The subject might be, for example, nachhead” (even though this might be considered redundant) or the nodder. It does not take an object.Request
qeylarLanguage UserK’Ehleyr Request
qInutNounscythe, sickle, falxThis is a tool resembling a sickle. It’s for agriculture, but, of course, it could be used as a weapon. If it has a long handle, “scythe” may be a better translation, though it’s not quite either of them.Request
qunI’Nounadverb(ial)The noun for the grammatical term.Request
quvamaqLanguage UserKuvah’magh Request
QaplaStepNounspool, reel, spindle Request
Qep Verbbe anxious (about) Request
QeqVerbaim (at)For the idea of Face (orient towards) – The object is the one oriented toward someone or something, and the thing or person being faced is marked with –Daq. With this meaning, this verb is often used with –‘egh or –chuq.Request
Qey’Verbbe cool (temperature) Request
QIch wabNounphoneme Request
QIch wab SarNounallophone  
QISVerbstitchThe object is the thing being sewn or stitched togetherRequest
QoNountendency, propensity Request
QoHVerbtap Request
raqVerbbe repetitive/redundant Request
ravngI’Nounfurniture, item of furnitureStand-alone only, not built-inRequest
rebmughNounresin Request
relleghDaqNounpsychokinesis Request
repnujNoungum (oral anatomy)Also ghaw’ (slang)Request
rIchwInNoundirective, injunction Request
rI’gheSNoundeflector (singular) Request
rItlh volNounstencil Request
roberNounaxis Request
robwIlNounnightmareThis can be the object of najdream” or SIQendure” and some other verbs, but generally not ghajhave” (unless you somehow literally possess a nightmare).Request
ruHVerbblushMaltz asserts that Klingons never blush…. but then again…Request
SarbruqenNounSaarbrücken (Germany) Request
SeHjanNouncontrol device<, controller device/i> Request
SImroDNounpower (physics) Request
SInanNouncompass Request
SIpratNounbristle, stiff hair or filament Request
So’chImLanguage Usersoh-chim Request
SupDIngNouncotton-like planta Klingon plant, parts of which are used to make clothRequest
SuyDarNounqubit (quantum bit)Sometimes SuyDar San’onRequest
tapqejNouncherryThis is a fruit similar to a cherry. When clarification is needed, for the Earth fruit, precede with tera’.Request
telya’Body Partpancreas Request
tera’ ghIch ropNouncommon coldMaltz says Klingons don’t get colds (though, despite what he says, Klingons are not immune from other, somewhat similar afflictions). Another way to refer to this Earth disease, generally unsympathetically, is tera’ rop bIr, which is, of course, a misguided translation.Request
tera’ tlhuH ropNouncommon coldMaltz says Klingons don’t get colds (though, despite what he says, Klingons are not immune from other, somewhat similar afflictions). Another way to refer to this Earth disease, generally unsympathetically, is tera’ rop bIr, which is, of course, a misguided translation. 
tetyubNounenamel, coatingThis refers to any sort of artificial coating, not just enamel. It does not apply to teeth.Request
tI’rIlNounTrill Name of the planetRequest
tIyVerbbe curly Request
tlhawVerbbe inflamedmedical termRequest
tlhemqaDIDLanguage Userbumpkin, yokel Request
tlhoqtlhalNounfavorThis is generally the object of a verb like tur. The recipient of the favor is marked with –vaD.Request
tuVerbblink“blink” (involuntary); also mInDu’ yIv (slang)Request
varghwI’Language UserChangeling/FounderLeader of the DominionRequest
valQavNounirisPart of the eye 
vovVerbgrapple, wrestle, tussleFor “tackle,” combine with pummoH cause to fall (down)Request
vovengBody Partgland Request
wangVerbwinkvoluntary; for “twitch,” use jerghspasmRequest
we’lISNounWales Request
woDVerbbe hollow Request
wontoyNounideal Request
yoVerbslap, hit with palm  
yuHSIQNountitanium Request
‘ubVerbbe lonely Request
‘uchgha’NounRNA Request
‘ul ghoNouncircuit‘ul ghomeycircuitsRequest
‘achghejNounvoid Request
‘aDHomBody Partcapillary Request
‘aHDuHNounprototype Request
‘alnumBody Partfreckle(s) Request
‘apraQNouncalcium Request
‘aquta’Noungourd, squash, pumpkin Request
‘ej De’ vIchelAdverbby the way, parentheticallyThis comes at the beginning of a sentence. This is the full form. In everyday conversation, ‘ej and/or De’ (and even vI-) are often omitted. Klingon grammarians argue about whether the resulting De’chel should be considered an adverbial in its own right.Request
‘ejtlhalBody Parttumor Request
‘enteDNoundrugMost ‘enteDmey are used ritualistically, but recreational use is not unheard of (as with alcohol).Request
‘epInNounpeachA Klingon fruit similar to a peach, plum, or apricot. When clarification is needed, for the Earth fruit, precede with tera’.Request
‘erwI’DaqNountelepathy Request
‘eSreHNoundew Request
‘evVerbapplaudThis applies to whatever it is that Klingons do to applaud or show approval/appreciation. The most common way to refer to the clapping that Humans do is by the phrase toch yoslap palm(s).Request
‘evtlhevNounbaseThis is really “base” — not the same as “alkali,” but includes alkalisRequest
‘IlHa’Verbbe insincere Request
‘InDIye’na’NounIndiana Request
‘IpnalLanguage Userspouse (gender-neutral term) Request
‘IrVerbbe creamy, pastyin the sense of toothpaste. Describes smooth, thick liquids or liquid-like thingsRequest
‘oSHeQBody Partspleen Request